Intelsat’s new Epic satellites represent a major design breakthrough in a next-generation platform that will set the global standard for high-throughput technology.
As we have previously highlighted on Satcom Frontier, Intelsat Epic delivers performance and capabilities not previously possible. Compared to current Intelsat IX series Ku-band spot beams, the initial Intelsat Epic satellites provide Ku-band EIRP and G/T values that are four to seven dB higher in power and nearly six to nine times the aggregate MHz per satellite.
These satellites deliver this improved performance over coverage areas that are 10 to 15 times larger than two Intelsat IX series Ku-band spot beams.
Chris Hudson, Senior Solutions Architect Engineer at Intelsat General, recently sat down with MilsatMagazine, and provided additional insights regarding upcoming Intelsat Epic projects.
Below are highlights, and the full interview can be viewed here.
How will Intelsat’s new Intelsat_ Epic satellites outperform existing Ku-band satellites for AISR missions?
Due to the tightly focused, small beam sizes, Intelsat_ Epic satellites are quite sensitive to receiving signals from small AISR terminals (high satellite G/T). In the opposite direction, those focused beams provide powerful signals to the AISR terminals (high satellite EIRP). This enables AISR terminals to transmit and receive at data rates not possible before this. In addition, these high data rates are provided more efficiently; i.e., using less satellite resources.
Here is an example. With today’s widebeam Ku-band coverages, a 45cm terminal can transmit 1Mbps and requires 5MHz of satellite resources to do so. On Epic, that same terminal—with no modifications—can transmit 3.7Mbps using only 4.8MHz, i.e., more throughput using less resources.
In addition, the_ Epic satellites will provide three to five times more capacity per satellite when compared to Intelsat’s existing satellites and should provide a range of up to 25-60Gbps for transmissions. This throughput will be approximately 10 times more than traditional satellite fleets.
Lastly, the high-receive sensitivity and transmit power on the satellites will lead to multiple efficiency gains and bandwidth savings specifically for AISR terminals, compared to traditional Ku-band satellites. All of these characteristics will enable performance for existing Ku-band AISR terminals that will rival or exceed Ka-band performance on the government’s Wideband Global Satcom (WGS) satellites.
One often stated generalization of HTS Ka-band concerns the challenge of rain-fade and the subsequent degradation of satellite signal. Several “experts” have stated that network optimization is simply not a solution to rain-fade—HTS Ka-band will never be the equal of HTS Ku-band in such weather conditions. How does Intelsat_ Epic handle this issue?
Atmospheric rain, snow or ice will absorb radio frequency signals above 11GHz, and a Ka-band signal suffers more degradation than a Ku-band signal because it has a higher radio frequency. This becomes a win for Ku- if there is sufficient rain in the region. Both rain and adjacent satellite interference degradations vary greatly, depending on a customer’s specific situation (e.g., satellite and terminal locations), so you can’t really make generalizations.
As the DoD withdraws from Afghanistan and continues to lessen its demands for capabilities, do you see this lull in demand changing how much satellite bandwidth the DoD will need going into the future?
The DoD’s theater of operations is changing and will likely continue to do so into the future. As a result, the demand is naturally shifting to areas such as Africa and Southeast Asia. However, the increase in cyber threats in more contested space environments will probably drive an overall increase in requirements from the DoD. In addition, we also expect the demand for high-definition video transmissions from mobile platforms to drive higher bandwidth requirements.
You have mentioned the advantages of using existing Ku-band hardware with the Intelsat_ Epic satellites. Can you offer an example of the efficiency for a specific antenna in order that our readers may more fully understand the comparisons you make?
For ‘increased performance,’ existing Ku-band terminals can transmit more Mbps. A good example, as referenced above, would be a 45cm aero antenna. This terminal today can transmit 1Mbps maximum on widebeam Ku-band satellites (nominal, edge of coverage area). This speed will increase by more than 3X this rate to enable 3.7Mbps transmission from the same terminal on Intelsat Epic (again, nominal, edge of coverage area).
Lower costs will also be possible because existing Ku-band assets will perform more efficiently on Intelsat_ Epic. With the same 45cm aero antenna example, 1MHz of satellite resources enables 0.2Mbps from the terminal today (5MHz is required for the 1Mbps transmission).
The improved performance for 1MHz of satellite resources will be 0.8Mbps from the terminal on Intelsat_ Epic (4.8MHz will be required for the 3.7Mbps transmission). Costs and investments needed to use Epic will be lower than retrofitting Ka-band hardware onto the majority of airborne platforms using Ku-band.
Through its flexibility and open system architecture, Intelsat_ Epic will enable the DoD to leverage deployed, Ku-band assets. In other words, the DoD can re-use its existing infrastructure that accesses Ku-band satellite resources. No purchases are necessary to access the new technology and performance of Epic (e.g., no forklift upgrade to Ka-band).
In addition, no new training is required; a further savings by using the existing knowledge base among users. All of these factors will lower total cost of ownership for the government at a time when budget dollars are scarce and ISR applications need higher performance as quickly as possible.
Can you explain the market demand for enhanced Ku-band in Intelsat Epic, as the industry seems to be so focused these days on the advantages and uses of Ka-band?
Intelsat Epic High Throughput Ku-band satellites provide a means to meet ever-increasing data demands in an affordable way by leveraging the extensive Ku-band SATCOM infrastructure. Existing infrastructure includes both hardware assets as well as a widespread Ku-band SATCOM knowledge base.
My paper and presentation at MILCOM 2014, co-authored with Eric Hall of L-3 Communications Systems-West, detailed how Intelsat Epic can provide performance and efficiencies equivalent to WGS Ka-band. A 45cm Ka-band terminal requires 7.7 MHz of WGS resources to transmit a 10 Mbps carrier. A 45cm Ku-band terminal, transmitting the same 10Mbps, requires 7.6MHz on Intelsat Epic.
Security demands continue to increase each and every day—capable adversaries are certainly not going to lessen their aggressive tactics. Please explain how Intelsat General will address this issue with the new Intelsat_ Epic system, especially as such relates to system interference and data transmission?
As the U.S. military moves into these other regions, the challenge of cyber security will increase significantly as more adversaries try to counter U.S. operations. The cyber and jamming challenges will force the military to focus on denying the adversary control of the area of operations, including the communications in that region. This concept, referred to as Anti-Access Area Denial (A2AD), has been a military priority for a long time and is even more important today with the explosive growth of cyber attacks on the critical communications architecture that the military must use to successfully achieve their missions.
The Intelsat_ Epic design inherently provides technology to meet these A2AD issues as well as a level of mitigation against interference, be it intentional or not. This is being discussed with communities of interest with the intent of developing a common understanding about what is provided today and what can be provided going forward.