Mr. Kangas became a director of Intelsat S.A. in July 2012. He also serves as the Chairman of the board of directors of Deutsche Bank USA Corp., the U.S. holding company of Deutsche Bank AG. Mr. Kangas also serves as a board member of Hovnanian Enterprises, a national homebuilder, and Vivus Pharmaceuticals. He previously served as the Chairman and lead director of United Technologies, and Chairman and lead director of Tenet Healthcare. He also formerly served as a director of Intuit, Inc. and Electronic Data Systems Corp. Mr. Kangas previously served as Global Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Deloitte, Touche, Tohmatsu from 1989 to 2000. He also served as the managing partner of Deloitte & Touche (USA) from 1989 to 1994. Mr. Kangas holds a bachelor’s degree in business and an MBA from the University of Kansas and is a Certified Public Accountant. Mr. Kangas also qualifies as an audit committee financial expert.